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D.C. Decriminalizes Possession Of Drug Paraphernalia And Promotes Harm Reduction



A bill to decriminalize possession of drug paraphernalia for personal use and promote harm reduction was recently signed by the mayor of Washington, D.C.

Mayor Muriel Bowser (D) approved the measures to be enacted as part of the broader Opioid Overdose Prevention Act last week, and the legislation is now in a congressional review stage, as Capitol Hill lawmakers have unique oversight over the jurisdiction’s laws.

In the meantime, the Drug Policy Alliance (DPA) celebrated the reforms, which they say will mitigate drug-related infections, reduce arrests and save lives. Beyond permitting possession of paraphernalia like pipes and syringes, it also allows for the distribution of harm reduction tools.

“What people often forget is that people use drugs in a whole bunch of different ways,” Queen Adesuyi, policy manager of national affairs for DPA, told WJLA. “I think in a time like now, where we’re dealing with a compounded public health crisis, with COVID-19 on top of the increasingly worsening overdose crisis in D.C., it’s not a better time than now to finally get past stigma.”

Prior to the bill’s signing, possession of paraphernalia has been broadly prohibited. The local code is now set to be amended to clarify that possession “other than for personal use” is banned.

“For the purposes of this section, the term ‘personal use’ means the possession of drug paraphernalia in circumstances where there is no evidence of an intent to distribute or manufacture a controlled substance,” the text of the measure states.

The legislation will further “permit persons testing personal use quantities of a controlled substance to use, or possess with the intent to use, testing equipment or other objects used, intended for use, or designed for use in identifying or analyzing the strength, effectiveness, or purity of a controlled substance.”

It will also “permit community-based organizations to deliver or sell, or possess with the intent to deliver or sell, testing equipment or other objects used, intended for use, or designed for use for that same purpose.”

Adesuyi called it “a huge step forward for the health and livelihood of people who use drugs.”


D.C. has become something of a hub of drug policy reform. For example, voters in the jurisdiction approved a ballot measure last month to decriminalize a wide range of psychedelics such as psilocybin and ayahuasca.

Bowser released a budget plan for the 2021 fiscal year in May, and it contained a regulatory reform signaling that the local government is preparing to implement regulations for retail marijuana sales just as soon as Congress allows it. That comes one year after she filed a legalization bill.

That said, Congress recently renewed a rider preventing D.C. from using its local tax dollars to implement retail marijuana sales as part of a large-scale appropriations bill.

Activists filed a proposed ballot initiative to legalize marijuana sales in August, but it did not advance.

Separately, a local councilman introduced a bill in October that would expand opportunities for formerly incarcerated people to participate in the city’s existing medical cannabis market.

Minnesota House Committee Urges Marijuana Decriminalization And Expungements As Racial Justice Moves For 2021

Photo courtesy of Ted Eytan.


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