New York marijuana regulators closed the one-month window for accepting applications for the state’s first cannabis retailer licenses on Monday—and 903 businesses run by people who have been harmed by the drug war have completed and submitted their forms.
For this first round of conditional adult-use retail dispensary (CAURD) licenses, only people who have been personally impacted by cannabis criminalization, or whose direct family members have marijuana convictions, are eligible.
The Office of Cannabis Management (OCM) said that it will be selecting 150 applicants to open the first recreational marijuana shops in the state before expanding the application pool.
Thank you to every one who applied for CAURD! Conditional adult-use retail dispensary licenses will create countless opportunities for our communities and future.
Together, we look forward to building the nation's most equitable and diverse cannabis market. pic.twitter.com/JmEWI8rU45
— NYS Office of Cannabis Management (@nys_cannabis) September 28, 2022
Now that the application deadline has passed, regulators will give prospective licensees another 30 days to review and make any amendments to their documents and proposals. The office will then start scoring the applications, make decisions about approvals and complete interagency work to get shops open as soon as possible, with the goal still being to launch by the end of this year.
The timeline for retailers to launch is also contingent on the Dormitory Authority of the State of New York (DASNY) being able to design and build turnkey storefronts for the licensees.
New York regulators have been promoting the launch of the application portal for weeks, emphasizing that this represents a key step toward ensuring industry equity as the state prepares to open its adult-use market.
Applications for conditional retailer licenses will be judged on merits and eligibility criterion—not on a first-come, first-serve basis.
Those applications are also being evaluated on a regional basis, so the initial numbers from OCM don’t necessarily reflect the number of storefronts that will be opened under the program. It just shows that maximum that will be accepted per region:
|Name of Region||Commuter Adj. Population||Max. CAURD Business Licenses|
|Capital Region||1,145,370 ||7|
|Central New York||1,093,219 ||7|
|Finger Lakes||1,383,303 ||9|
|Long Island||3,110,067 ||20|
|Mohawk Valley||281,983 ||2|
|North Country||586,426 ||4|
|Southern Tier||480,753 ||3|
|Staten Island||500,926 ||3|
|The Bronx||1,565,988 ||10|
|Western New York||1,622,461 ||11|
In order to qualify for the special retail license, applicants must have faced a conviction for a cannabis-related offense prior to the enactment of legalization in the state, or have a direct relative with such a conviction, and they must also have experience operating a qualifying business.
Regulators have also expanded the definition of a qualifying “justice-involved” individual to include people who were arrested for marijuana but convicted for a lesser offense, which advocates view as a positive step that will broader the applicant pool.
People who receive CAURD licenses will be able to access a $200 million Social Equity Cannabis Fund and also be eligible for turnkey storefronts that are now being secured and built out by DASNY.
Additionally, regulators say that up to 25 of the CAURD licenses will go to eligible non-profits—”specifically organizations with a history of serving justice-involved individuals and creating vocational opportunities for them.”
Those non-profit organizations will not be entitled to the Social Equity Cannabis Fund and they couldn’t access the state-approved turnkey facilities so they’d have to operate their own compliant storefronts.
There are additional conditions that non-profit organization applicants must meet to qualify for the first round of retail licenses. For example, they must have a justice-involved individuals on the board, office, governing committee or advising committee member.
They must also have at least five full-time employees and have been recognized as an entity under the federal Internal Revenue Code.
In anticipation of the CAURD license applications opening, the mayor of New York City recently announced the launch of a new program to promote cannabis industry equity by supporting entrepreneurs most impacted by the drug war.
The Cannabis NYC initiative aims to initially help would-be dispensary operators complete the licensing application process, but is also promising to provide “support beyond the license” by connecting “aspiring cannabis entrepreneurs to no-cost services, along with technical assistance, to support successful businesses.”
Meanwhile, CCB, which also approved the state’s first round of recreational cannabis processor licenses last month, has encouraged eligible retailer applicants to start collecting the documentation they need to take advantage of the equity application opportunity.
CCB has also been approving numerous conditional cultivator applications, which are being granted to existing hemp businesses in the state. Gov. Kathy Hochul (D) signed a bill to create the conditional cultivation licenses in February.
Last week, regulators additionally voted to adopt home grow rules for medical cannabis patients, as well as another round of conditional marijuana processor and cultivator business applications.
The adoption of the medical cannabis home grow resolution comes about a year after draft regulations were first proposed and several months after the board accepted revised rules following a public comment period. Now CCB has directed the OCM to formally send the approved regulations to the New York State Department of State.
With respect to retailers, OCM Executive Director Chris Alexander said in July that the office diligently reviewed and responded to public comments on the proposed rules for conditional retailers, but there’s still been some frustration among stakeholders who feel that the input was not thoughtfully incorporated.
For what it’s worth, a poll found that most New Yorkers voters are against that proposal to prioritize retail licenses for justice-involved people.
Separately, OCM also recently publicized dozens of cease and desist letters that they have sent to businesses accused of illegally selling marijuana as the state prepares to launch its adult-use market.
But there’s been skepticism about the accuracy of the office’s enforcement targets. Some businesses that were named as operating illicit marijuana shops say they never received the notice; others, including one event and catering business, say that were wrongfully targeted, denying that they’ve been involved in cannabis sales.
As it stands, adults 21 and older can possess and publicly consume cannabis, as well as gift marijuana to other adults as long as they aren’t being compensated.
In June, CCB also approved a series of proposed rules for marijuana packaging, labeling, advertising and testing requirements.
Meanwhile, New York lawmakers recently sent a budget proposal to the governor’s desk that includes provisions to let marijuana businesses take state tax deductions that are available to other industries despite an ongoing federal ban on cannabis. That was signed into law.
Sen. Jeremy Cooney (D) filed a standalone bill in December seeking a similar carve-out for the state’s burgeoning cannabis market. Assemblymember Donna Lupardo (D) followed suit in her chamber. Cooney also filed a bill in May to allow regulators to disclose certain information about cannabis licensees to financial institutions to promote marijuana banking.
Hochul has repeatedly emphasized her interest in efficiently implementing the legalization law.
The governor released a State of the State book in January that called for the creation of a $200 million public-private fund to specifically help promote social equity in the state’s burgeoning marijuana market.
That proposal was also cited in the governor’s executive budget, which was released in January. The budget also estimated that New York stands to generate more than $1.25 billion in marijuana tax revenue over the next six years.
Hochul said that while cannabis business licenses have yet to be approved since legalization was signed into law last year, the market stands to generate billions of dollars, and it’s important to “create opportunities for all New Yorkers, particularly those from historically marginalized communities.”
OCM has also been putting out PSAs to promote public education about the marijuana policy change, including a first-of-its-kind taxpayer-funded marijuana ad that aired in most of New York during an NBA Finals game in July. The PSA boldly addressed the racially discriminatory harms of cannabis criminalization and highlighted steps that state regulators are taking to right the wrongs of prohibition.
CCB also wants the opportunity to showcase its marijuana PSA campaign on the social media app TikTok, but it was told by the company previously that it could not use the platform because of its existing ban on the use of the word “cannabis.” The department recently sent a letter to TikTok, requesting a policy change for government marijuana-related ads that concern public education.
Here are some other ways that New York lawmakers and regulators are working to promote drug policy reform as the state prepares to implement retail marijuana sales:
In July, Hochul announced that the state had awarded $5 million in funding to community colleges to support the development and improvement of courses and programs specifically meant to help people secure jobs in the marijuana industry.
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The New York Senate approved a bill in June that would require public health insurance programs to cover medical marijuana expenses and clarify that private insurers are allowed to do the same.
Both chambers of the state legislature have passed a measure to encourage businesses to use hemp materials for packaging, construction and other industrial purposes.
The state Department of Labor separately announced in recent guidance that New York employers are no longer allowed to drug test most workers for marijuana. Even prior to the enactment of legalization, New York City officials had established a local ban on pre-employment drug testing for cannabis.
A recent legal directive from the New York City Law Department (NYCLD) has put police and firefighter drug testing policy in the spotlight after a document that was leaked from the New York Police Department (NYPD) signaled that officers would no longer be subject to pre-employment, random or scheduled screening for cannabis because of the legal analysis.
A firefighters union claimed credit for the new directive, saying that it was responsive to inquires that it made to the city.
Separately, Adams says he’s looking into the idea of authorizing marijuana to be grown in greenhouses on the rooftops of public housing buildings—an ambitious proposal that’s unlikely to sit well with the federal government, which provides funding to support the NYC Housing Authority (NYCHA).
A New York senator filed a bill in May that would legalize what would essentially be licensed community marijuana gardens for people who aren’t able to cultivate cannabis at their own homes.
Also that month, a New York Assembly committee advanced a bill to establish a statewide safe consumption site program, allowing regulators to authorize facilities where people could use currently illicit drugs in a medically supervised environment.
Meanwhile, a New York lawmaker introduced a bill last year that would require the state to establish an institute to research the therapeutic potential of psychedelics.
Another state legislator filed a bill in December to legalize psilocybin mushrooms for medical purposes and establish facilities where the psychedelic could be grown and administered to patients.
Photo courtesy of Mike Latimer.